Study by The Center for Media Democracy claims their use is more widespread than admitted and asks for an FCC investigation.
The Center for Media Democracy and Free Press criticized what it called “an epidemic of fake news infiltrating local television broadcasts across the country.” At a press conference in Washington with FCC Commissioner Jonathan S. Adelstein, the groups called for an FCC crackdown on stations that present corporate-sponsored videos as genuine news.
CMD, which unveiled the results of a 10-month investigation, said scores of local stations slipping commercial “video news releases,” or VNRs, into their regular news programming. The new multimedia report released today includes footage of 36 separate VNRs and their broadcast as “news” by TV stations and networks nationwide, including those in the nation’s biggest markets.
“It’s shocking to see how product placement moves secretly unfiltered from the boardroom to the newsroom and then straight into our living rooms,” said Dianne Farsetta, a senior researcher at CMD and co-author of the report. “Local TV broadcasts—the most popular news source in the United States—frequently air VNRs without fact-checking, conducting their own reporting, or disclosing that the footage has been provided and sponsored by big corporations.”
The report claims 77 television stations actively disguising sponsored content from companies including General Motors, Intel, Pfizer and Capital One to make it look like their own reporting. More than one-third of the time, stations aired fake news stories in their entirety as their own reporting.
Approximately 80% of the stations cited in the investigation are owned by large conglomerates. CMD says the list of the worst offenders includes Clear Channel, News Corp./Fox Television, Viacom/CBS, Tribune Co. and Sinclair Broadcast Group—whose Oklahoma City affiliate was caught airing VNRs on six separate occasions.
“The evidence suggests a strong connection between media consolidation and the broadcast of deceptive, pre-packaged propaganda,” said Timothy Karr, campaign director of Free Press. “When all station owners care about is profit margins, fake news can prove irresistible. After all, VNRs are free. Reporting news that’s meaningful to local communities isn’t. And without decisive government action, the fake news problem will only get worse.”
In conjunction with the report, Free Press launched www.freepress.net/fakenews—urging the public to contact the FCC and demand “No Fake News.”
Free Press and CMD also filed a formal complaint with the FCC, seeking a thorough investigation “to help restore the public trust in the integrity of local news.” The public interest groups want all VNRs to be accompanied by a continuous, frame-by-frame visual notifications and verbal announcements disclosing their sources. They also recommended broadcasters be required to file monthly public reports detailing their use of government or corporate-sponsored material. The FCC complaint is available at www.freepress.net/docs/fcc_complaint_4-06-06.pdf
CMD said: “Despite repeated claims from broadcasters that they do not air VNRs as news, the new report reveals just the tip of the iceberg. Instances of fake TV news documented by CMD likely represent less than 1% percent of VNRs distributed to local newsrooms since June 2005. Fraudulent news reports have likely been aired on hundreds of more local newscasts in the past year.”
“The president of the Radio-Television News Directors Association, Barbara Cochran, called fake news ‘kind of like the Loch Ness Monster. Everyone talks about it, but not many people have actually seen it,’ ” said John Stauber, executive director of CMD. “This report drops a big nest of squirming Nessies in the laps of TV journalists. Fake TV news is the worst plagiarism scandal in American journalism, and it must be stopped by labeling all VNRs on screen so viewers can tell if its news or fake news.”
The full report—Fake TV News: Widespread and Undisclosed—is available complete with VNR and TV station video footage at www.prwatch.org/fakenews/execsummary.