FCC Auction Taking Toll On TV RF Vendors

As a result of the uncertainity over the FCC's plans to auction and repack the TV spectrum, stations are putting off investments in transmission gear. The latest victim is Electronics Research Inc., which just laid off 22 employees.

Electronics Research Inc., a Chandler, Ind.-based manufacturer of RF components, waveguide and antennas, has laid off 22 employees, an apparent consequence of the FCC’s policy aimed at freeing up TV spectrum for the wireless industry. [Editor’s note: When this story was originally posted, it said that EMI had temporarily shut down its entire TV RF operation. As this corrected story now reflects, that is not the case.]

The laid off workers represent about 18% of the company’s 124-person workforce.

“As long as this incentive auction and [TV spectrum] repack is pending, there is really no capital investment being made by domestic television stations in transmission facilities,” said Bill Harland, ERI vice president of marketing.

Harland said the FCC’s April 2013 public freeze on both new construction permits and pending applications for modifications to existing facilities has been devastating to the small community of vendors supplying RF technology to U.S. TV broadcasters.

“When the commission put the freeze on last year the week before NAB, that stopped the business,” said Harland. “This freeze is very onerous. In the past, when the commission has put freezes on, they didn’t suspend the processing of applications. In this case, the commission stopped all activity.”

The moratorium was necessary to make it easier for the agency to assess the possible methodologies for the post-auction repacking of the TV band, the FCC said at the time. It said it needed “a stable database of full-power and Class A broadcast facilities” from which to work.


The situation worsened in January when FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler announced a one-year delay on the incentive auction, until 2015, to give the agency more time to get the process right, Harland said.

Jay Adrick, an independent consultant and former vice president at Harris Broadcast, said the ERI layoff may not be the only victim of the FCC policies. “I wouldn’t be a bit surprised to see some other companies fold their tents before this is all over,” he said.

“I think the industry needs to put more pressure on the commission and say: ‘You are damaging the resources you are going to heavily rely on, particularly if you have a time frame of three years to make all of this happen.’ “

The incentive auction, by which the FCC hopes to shift up to 120 MHz of TV spectrum to wireless broadband, is actually two auctions. In the first, the FCC would buy spectrum from broadcasters. In the second, it would sell the recovered spectrum to wireless carriers. After the auctions, the FCC would repack the TV band to aggregate all the recovered spectrum, a process that would likely force many stations to new channels.

Participation by broadcasters in the auction is voluntary.

David Zack, ERI’s TV sales manager who was among those who lost their job, saw firsthand how broadcasters pulled back on their RF spending plans as the government instituted its new plan for TV spectrum.

“A lot of broadcasters acknowledged they would be interested in putting up a new antenna,” he said. “A lot of people expressed an interest in putting up some vertical polarization to improve fixed and mobile reception. But they began holding back, saying, ‘Now is not the time to invest $300,000 or $400,000 in a new RF system that might have to come down in a few years.’”

Keith Pelletier, general manager of antenna and RF component manufacturer Dielectric, agreed that a dark cloud hangs over the RF business. “Right now, there is a lot of uncertainty among broadcasters about the future.”

The freeze is sapping the overall strength of the television RF sector that will needed when the FCC completes its auction and begins issuing new channel assignments as part of the repacking. “We’ve taken steps to put Dielectric on a solid foundation and are prepared to move forward when things open up, but, personally, I am worried about what the state of broadcasters and vendors will be when repacking begins.”

In April 2013, two weeks after the FCC released its freeze notice, the company’s former owner, SPX Corp., said it would shutter the antenna manufacturer. That move was prompted not so much by the moratorium as by what SPX saw as dim growth prospects, he said.

Ultimately, rather than closing the company, SPX sold Dielectric to Sinclair Broadcast Group in June 2013.

Rick Kaplan, NAB executive vice president, strategic planning, said the NAB has warned the FCC that the RF vendors are hurting. “We have told the FCC that this process is taking a toll on the very RF vendors that will be needed to make the repack a reality.”

ERI is still capable of making TV gear and expects to rev up the operation once there is a new table of allotments and the repack commences, Harland said. “We took an action to right size the company given the amount of business there is today.”

The hope is echoed by ERI’s former television sales manager. “I would sure like to stay in the broadcast business,” said Zach. “Once broadcasting is in your blood, it is tough to get it out. The story is not over yet. I would like to be around to see how it ends.”

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Comments (4)

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John Stelzer says:

March 13, 2014 at 12:17 pm

Retrenchment has occurred at all RF-centric vendors, especially those particularly dependent on the North American market. Both the Spectrum Auction induced uncertainties and retirements are leaving them in poor shape to respond to likely demand when channel repacking is implemented, presuming that the Spectrum Auction succeeds. The economists assume that manufacturers, especially those from the government contracting (defense) sector, will rise to the occasion when the repacking implementation demand is released. But government suppliers have a poor record when attempting to develop and deliver product to applications they don’t understand – and those who they could tap to provide some of the needed knowledge will be retired by then.

Wolfgang Paul says:

March 13, 2014 at 2:38 pm

David Zack is a good man! I hope it’s hiring season at NAB.

Sara Catania says:

March 13, 2014 at 3:53 pm

Content Is King & The People Decide! With all the bizlike mumbo-jumbo about spectrum auctions what it REALLY comes down to is that hip young people are turning off BdcstTV & turning on “hot stuff” on the Net-because they want to! But there’s no channel changer on the Net; so they search for what they want to…If I noted that UG is now one of the most searched-for destinations online I might be accused of something-so I won’t mention that more & more Tablets are sold & fewer TV sets-the REAL Reason for lessening spectrum value…

    Trudy Rubin says:

    March 14, 2014 at 8:07 am

    I am typing this from a tablet and live in very rural area. If I travel a mile or two, I am out of cell or wireless coverage. That said there is enough availble spectrum here to easliy provide broadband wirless coverage. The spectrum auction is not likely to improve wireless broadband in my location, but the repacking of TV stations may take away free TV at my location, since I live about 50 miles from the TV transmitters. You can say it is about content being king, I would argue it is about paying off political donors and will only benefit large metros as far as providing content, while taking away a free service to many rural areas. Even you watch TV on a pay TV service, under the current rule changes at the FCC, it is likely you could lose your local TV. Not everyone lives in NY city or Washington DC.

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